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Dental Disease

Dental disease is one of the most common ailments and is seen in the majority of cats over the age of two and in 85% of dogs over the age of three. 

What Causes Dental Disease?

Oral health problems begin with a build-up of plaque, a sticky film that is continually forming on the teeth.   Plaque can harden leaving unsightly tartar if left untreated.  Plaque and tartar can lead to gingivitis, a painful condition of inflamed gums, and eventually periodontal disease may develop. 

In severe cases, damage is so bad that the gums recede and eventual loss of teeth occurs.  As the infection in the mouth increases, tonsillitis and pharyngitis can also occur.  The bacteria are absorbed into the bloodstream and carried to the other organs which can result in problems with the heart, kidneys and liver.  Cats can also develop dental neck lesions, which are painful cavities in the teeth. 

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